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作为保安人员必做的救护知识介绍

  发布时间:2018-11-27来源:http://www.abensokoo.com

一、电击伤救护
I. Emergency treatment of electric injury
在雷雨天气被电或雷电所击,就会造成人体休克,心肌室颤,肌肉强直等伤者时,在这种情况下立即切断电源,心跳停止者进行人工呼吸、心脏按摩并及时送往医院抢救。
When the thunderstorm weather is struck by electricity or lightning, it will cause shock, myocardial ventricular fibrillation, muscle rigidity and other injuries. In this case, the power supply will be cut off immediately, and the heartbeat stopper will carry out artificial respiration, cardiac massage and be sent to the hospital in time for rescue.
二、溺水救护
Two, drowning rescue
当出现溺水者被救出水面,放在岸上后,应首先清除口和鼻中的阻塞物,把舌头拉出来,保持呼吸通畅,排气管和胃内存水,进行心脏按摩,重症者应及时送医院抢救。
When a drowning person is rescued from the water surface and put on the shore, the obstruction in the mouth and nose should be cleared first, the tongue should be pulled out, the breath should be maintained smooth, the exhaust pipe and the water in the stomach should be massaged, and the seriously ill should be sent to the hospital in time for rescue.
三、中暑救护

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Three, heatstroke rescue
中暑后病人症状:脉搏微弱、神智不清、面色发白、血压下降、头晕、恶心、呕吐等,遇有中暑的病人,应首先让病人到通风处,喝少量盐水,或用凉毛巾放在头上。
Symptoms of patients after heat stroke: weak pulse, unconsciousness, pale complexion, decreased blood pressure, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, etc. In case of patients with heat stroke, patients should first go to the ventilation, drink a small amount of saline, or put a cool towel on their head.
四、醉酒中毒救护
IV. Rescue of Drunken Poisoning
症状:失去控制、昏睡、呼吸困难、大小便失禁、意识不清。救护办法:首先设法让病人吐出胃内存留物,多喝白开水或送医院抢救。
Symptoms: loss of control, lethargy, dyspnea, incontinence, unconsciousness. Rescue measures: First of all, try to make the patient spit out the remnants of the stomach, drink more boiled water or send to the hospital for rescue.
五、煤气中毒救护
V. Gas poisoning rescue
症状:大脑失去控制,无力、头痛、昏迷不醒等。遇有这种病人首先打开门窗,保持空气流通,脱离现场;重者应进行人工呼吸且不能间断,同时要采取保暖措施,将大衣或棉被盖在患者身上,并急送医院抢救。
Symptoms: brain loss of control, weakness, headache, unconsciousness, etc. In case of such patients, first open the doors and windows, keep the air circulation, leave the scene; the heavier should carry out artificial respiration and can not be interrupted, while taking warm measures to cover the patients with coats or quilts, and rush to the hospital for rescue.
六、心脏骤停救护
6. Emergency treatment of cardiac arrest
对于心脏骤停的病人不能马上搬动,首先平放将头上仰,按人中穴位,进行人工呼吸,立即打药口含,并进行心脏按摩。
For patients with sudden cardiac arrest, they can not move immediately. Firstly, they should put their heads up flat, carry out artificial respiration according to the acupoints in the middle of the human body, take medicine orally immediately, and massage the heart.
七、创伤救护
Seven, trauma rescue
对于创伤者要立即采取方法止血,防止失血过多造成昏迷。常用的止血工具有手帕、鞋带,毛巾等。
For traumatic patients, immediate measures should be taken to stop bleeding, to prevent excessive blood loss leading to coma. Commonly used hemostatic tools are handkerchiefs, shoelaces, towels and so on.
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