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我国的保安公司也存在这样的一种关系

  发布时间:2018-07-16来源:http://www.abensokoo.com

我国的保安服务公司基本都是公安机关组建的,在某种程度上就形成了自己管自己,自己监督自己的不正常现象。公安机关对自己所组建的保安服务公司的监管也往往只能停留在理论上,而无法实现真正的监管。公安机关与保安服务公司的这种关系也对保安服务业真正走向市场化经营产生了制约。管得过多、统得过死,导致保安服务业不能按照市场经济规律健康发展,而使之处于进退两难的尴尬境地。
The security service companies in China are basically formed by public security organs. To some extent, they have formed an abnormal phenomenon that they supervise themselves and supervise themselves. The supervision of public security organs on their own security service companies can only stay in theory, but can not achieve real supervision. The relationship between public security organs and security service companies also restricts the real development of security service industry to market-oriented operation. Too much control and too much death lead to a healthy development of the security service industry in accordance with the laws of market economy and make it in an awkward situation of dilemma.
而在保安服务业比较发达的国家当中,新加坡的保安业分为工商保安公司和私人保安公司两种体制,其中工商保安公司性质属于辅助警察,高级职员由内务部任命,雇员配有武器,同警察一样授衔,属官办性质,而私人保安公司的保安员则不得配备警械,只能从事保安咨询、人防和技防等业务。除新加坡之外,其他多数国家都明确规定了保安服务业的私有化体制。如德国通过《保安业法》和《保安业法则》规定,保安服务企业属于私人企业,国家不应对保安服务公司进行过多干预,并细致规定了保安服务公司和保安从业人员的资格条件、执照审核、人员培训与考核内容和程序、武器使用、服务记录保存、赔偿保险等,管理部门监管的重点是武器使用是否依法报告,雇佣保安员是否合法,是否依法保存保安服务记录等,使得保安服务公司有很大的经营服务自由度。
In the countries with more developed security services, the security industry in Singapore is divided into two systems, the business security company and the private security company, of which the nature of the business security company belongs to the auxiliary police, the senior staff members are appointed by the Ministry of the interior, the employees are equipped with weapons and the rank of the rank of the police, which belongs to the official nature, and the private security public. The security guards of the division shall not be equipped with police equipment, and can only engage in security consulting, civil air defense and defense and other businesses. In addition to Singapore, most other countries have explicitly stipulated the privatization of the security service industry. For example, in Germany, the security services law and the security law stipulate that the security service enterprise belongs to the private enterprise, the state does not interfere with the security service company too much, and specifies the qualifications of the security service companies and the security practitioners, the license examination, the training and assessment of personnel, the procedures and the weapons. The key to the supervision of the management department is whether the use of the weapon is legally reported, whether the security clerk is lawful, and whether the security service records are kept in accordance with the law, which makes the security service company have a great degree of freedom of operation.

保安公司
美国为防止国家参与保安经营而产生不公平竞争问题,禁止政府投资保安服务业,在职公务员也不许投资或涉足保安服务业。美国的保安服务企业形式多元,个人业主制、合作制、公司法人制无所不有,尤以股份北京赛车pk拾占支配地位,企业能通过发行股票、证券等形式进行大规模融资。国外保安服务企业多是自主经营、自负盈亏、自我约束、自我发展的独立法人实体和市场竞争主体,有利于调动企业经营者以及从业人员的积极性。
In order to prevent the unfair competition of the country from participating in the security operation, the government forbids the government to invest in the security service industry, and the civil servants are not allowed to invest or dabble in the security services. There are many forms of security service enterprises in the United States. Personal ownership, cooperative system and corporate corporate system are omniscient. Especially in the dominant position of Limited by Share Ltd, enterprises can carry on large scale financing through the issuance of stock and securities. Foreign security service enterprises are independent corporate entities, self - profit and loss, self - restraint, self - development, independent legal entity and market competition subject, which is beneficial to mobilize the enthusiasm of business operators and employees.
可以看得出来,绝大多数国家的保安服务业都是以企业行为开展业务,走的是纯粹的市场化道路。企业在国家、政府制定的相关法律法规所规范的框架内开展业务,而不必担心过多的行政干预。
It can be seen that most of the security service industries in the country carry out business with the behavior of enterprises, and take the pure marketization way. Enterprises do business within the framework of the relevant laws and regulations formulated by the state and the government without fear of excessive administrative intervention.
我国保安服务业应该借鉴国外比较科学合理的行业管理机制,正确处理公安机关与保安服务企业的关系,逐步建立起公安机关对保安服务企业的监督指导体系。2010 年1月1日施行的《保安服务管理条例》(以下简称《条例》)作为我国第一部保安服务行业法规,已经明确了公安机关与保安服务企业,以及保安服务活动的关系,即“国务院公安部门负责全国保安服务活动的监督管理工作。县级以上地方人民政府公安机关负责本行政区域内保安服务活动的监督管理工作。”对现行的保安服务公司只能由公安机关经办的政策加以调整,公安机关由经办保安服务公司转为监管保安服务活动。保安服务企业的经营活动将在公安机关的指导监督之下自主经营,实现政企分开,保安服务业的经营管理体制将进一步得到理顺。
The security service industry in China should learn from foreign more scientific and reasonable industry management mechanism, correctly handle the relationship between public security organs and security service enterprises, and gradually establish the supervision and guidance system of public security organs to security service enterprises. As the first security service regulation in China, the security service regulation (hereinafter referred to as the regulations), which was implemented in January 1, 2010, has clearly defined the relationship between the public security organs and the security service enterprises and the security service activities, that is, "the Public Security Department of the State Council is responsible for the supervision and management of the security service activities of the whole country." The public security organs of the local people's governments at or above the county level shall be responsible for the supervision and administration of the security service activities in their respective administrative areas. " The current security service companies can only be adjusted by the policies of the public security agencies, and the public security organs are transferred from the security service companies to the supervision and security services. The operating activities of the security service enterprises will be operated independently under the supervision and supervision of the public security organs, and the separation of government and enterprises will be realized, and the management system of the security service industry will be further straightened out.
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